White: The Root of All Colours

Biblical Colour Theory offers a profound exploration into the significance and symbolism of colours used throughout the Bible. Among these, white stands as a pinnacle of purity, holiness, righteousness, and divine manifestation. Yet, its interpretation extends beyond mere colour psychology into the realm of divine creation.

Understanding the symbolism and significance of white in biblical contexts

The Science of White

At its core, white embodies a scientific marvel—a combination of all colours in the spectrum, harmoniously united to produce a singular, pure light. This phenomenon, observable through a prism, symbolises unity and completeness, mirroring the biblical depiction of Jesus Christ and the saints’ raiment. Such purity and divinity, integral to white, resonate deeply with the foundational principles of optics and colour perception, leading us to a greater understanding of its biblical importance.

Exploring the physics and symbolism behind the colour white

The physics behind white is also significant in understanding its symbolism in the Bible. White light contains all wavelengths of visible light, which are then reflected off an object to create the perception of colour. This can be seen as a metaphor for God’s divine nature, encompassing all aspects of creation and reflecting His glory.

White as a symbol of purity and holiness

In the Bible, white is frequently used to represent purity and holiness. In the Old Testament, priests were required to wear pure white linen garments when entering the presence of God in the tabernacle (Exodus 28:39). This symbolised their cleanliness and righteousness before Him. Similarly, in the New Testament, Jesus appeared transfigured in dazzling white clothing before his

Biblical references to white and its association with purity and divinity

White is also commonly associated with purity and divinity in biblical references. In the book of Revelation, John describes Jesus as being clothed in a white robe (Revelation 1:13), signifying His holiness and righteous nature. Additionally, white is often used to represent the purity and perfection of heaven, with descriptions of streets made of pure white gold (Revelation 21:21) and angels dressed in white garments (Revelation 15:6). Furthermore, the concept of being cleansed and made pure as white snow is mentioned in both the Old and New Testaments (Isaiah 1:18, Revelation 7:14), highlighting the symbolic significance of white in Biblical teachings.

White in Biblical Contexts

The Bible intricately weaves white into its narrative fabric, presenting it as the embodiment of purity, wisdom, righteousness, victory, and divine provision. From the Ancient of Days’ attire in Daniel 7:9 to the dazzling white of Jesus’ Transfiguration in Mark 9:3, these vivid depictions serve as enduring symbols of God’s holiness and the triumph of faith.

The use of white in clothing and divine manifestations in the Bible

In addition to its symbolic significance, white also holds practical importance in the Bible. In the Old Testament, priests were required to wear pure white linen garments when entering the presence of God in the tabernacle (Exodus 28:39). This was not just for symbolism, but also for practical reasons such as preventing contamination and maintaining cleanliness in a sacred space.

white is also used to represent divine manifestations in the Bible. In the Transfiguration, Jesus’ clothes became “dazzling white” as a representation of His divine nature (Mark 9:3). This event not only showcases Jesus’ identity as the Son of God but also foreshadows His resurrection and ascension into heaven.

The significance of white in baptism and the afterlife

The act of baptism, symbolising the washing away of sins and being reborn in Christ, is often depicted with white clothing. This further emphasises the concept of purity and new beginnings associated with the colour white. In Christian theology, white also represents the hope of eternal life and resurrection after death (1 Corinthians 15:52). This is

White in Design

Translating such profound biblical symbolism into modern design necessitates a delicate balance between artistic expression and spiritual fidelity. White, as used in various design elements, conveys purity, simplicity, and an echo of the divine, inviting reflection on our own perceptions of colour and its deeper meanings.

White in branding and marketing

The use of white in branding and marketing communicates a sense of cleanliness, efficiency, and simplicity. It is often associated with modernity, innovation, and sophistication. This makes it a popular choice for companies that want to convey a sleek and professional image. However, the use of white alone may come across as cold or impersonal if not balanced with warmer colours or elements of personality.

White in interior design

In interior design, white is often used to create a sense of openness and space. It can make a room feel larger and brighter, which is why it is commonly used in small or dark spaces. White also has a calming effect, making it an ideal colour for bedrooms and other areas meant for relaxation.

White in fashion and beauty

White has long been associated with luxury, elegance, and purity in the fashion and beauty industry. It is a popular choice for bridal wear as it symbolises innocence, new beginnings, and the hope of a happy marriage. In makeup, white is often used to highlight or brighten certain features, creating a subtle yet impactful effect.

Challenges in using white

Despite its many positive connotations, working with white in design also presents some challenges. White can easily become overwhelming or monotonous if not paired with other colours or textures. It is also a difficult colour to maintain, as it can quickly show dirt and stains. This requires careful consideration and strategic placement when incorporating white into design.

Tips for using white in design

Here are some tips for effectively using white in design:

  1. Pair it with other colours: To avoid a sterile or bland look, pair white with warmer colours like beige, cream, or pastel shades. This will add depth and balance to the space.
  2. Incorporate textures: Textures such as wood, metal, and fabric can provide visual interest when combined with white. This can also help break up the monotony of an all-white space.
  3. Use different shades of white: White comes in various shades, from pure white to off-white or cream. Experiment with different shades to create a layered and nuanced look.
  4. Consider lighting: Lighting plays a crucial role in how white is perceived in a space. Natural light can make white appear brighter, while warm artificial light can add a cosy and inviting touch.
  5. Avoid using too much: As the saying goes, less is more. Be mindful of how much white you use in a design to prevent it from becoming overwhelming or sterile.

Translating biblical symbolism into modern design principles

White is a colour that has deep symbolic meaning in many cultures and religions, including Christianity. In the Bible, white is often associated with purity, innocence, and light. This symbolism can also be applied to modern design principles.

Peace & Calm

Using white in design can create a sense of purity and cleanliness, as well as evoke feelings of peace and calmness. It can also bring a sense of brightness and lightness to a space, making it feel more open and airy. This can be particularly beneficial in smaller spaces or rooms with limited natural light.

Simplicity & Minimalism

Incorporating white into a design can also create a sense of simplicity and minimalism, which has become increasingly popular in modern design. By using white as the dominant colour, other elements in the space can stand out more and make a statement. This can be especially effective in highlighting architectural features or bold furniture pieces.

Pairing Prowess

In addition to its symbolic and aesthetic value, white also has practical benefits in design. It is a versatile colour that can easily be paired with other colours and textures, making it a great foundation for any design scheme. It also reflects light rather than absorbing it, making a space feel brighter and more spacious.

The Missing Piece

White can be a powerful tool in modern design, both for its symbolic meaning and its practical benefits. When used in moderation and paired with other elements thoughtfully, it can create a balanced and visually appealing space that is both calming and invigorating. So don’t shy away from incorporating some white into your design plans — it may just be the missing piece that ties everything together.  So, white can be a great choice when designing a space with modern and minimalist principles in mind. Whether you use it as the dominant colour or as an accent, incorporating white into your design can bring a sense of purity, simplicity, and brightness to any space. So next time you’re planning your next design project, don’t forget the power of white.

How white is used in design to convey purity, simplicity, and divinity

Incorporating biblical colour theory into contemporary design not only enriches our artistic endeavours but also grounds them in a deeper spiritual truth. By reflecting on white’s enduring significance, we are reminded of our connection to the divine and the eternal principles God established through His creation.

Considering the impact of biblical colour theory on its application in design

Illuminate & Purify

Christian preacher Martin Lloyd Jones poignantly remarked, “The glorious gospel of the blessed God, when rightly understood and believed, flashes light upon the dark shambles of this fallen world.” Such is the power of white—both in scripture and design—to illuminate and purify, guiding us closer to the divine. Through its use in design, we can incorporate this powerful symbolism into our daily lives and spaces, creating a sense of harmony and peace. So whether it’s through incorporating white elements in your home decor or experimenting with it in your graphic designs, remember the deeper meaning behind this versatile colour and let it inspire you to create beauty in all aspects of your life.

Holiness Of God

Similarly, Leonard Ravenhill echoes this sentiment, emphasising the transformative power of divine truth in art and life, stating, “The greatest miracle that God can do today is to take an unholy man out of an unholy world and make him holy, then put him back into that unholy world and keep him holy in it.” As we continue to explore the significance of white in scripture and design, may we be reminded of the transformative power it holds and strive to incorporate it into our lives in a meaningful way. Let us use colour not just for aesthetic purposes but also as a tool to connect with God’s eternal principles and reflect His beauty in our everyday surroundings. So let us embrace the purity and radiance.

The Root of All Colours

Central to our discernment is the acknowledgment of white’s divine origin. The biblical portrayal of God as the creator and purifier exemplifies the holistic approach required in design and artistic expression, ensuring that our creations honour the pure and holy nature of their ultimate Source. As such, incorporating white into our designs can serve as a constant reminder of God’s power and presence in our lives.

A Symbol of Holiness

its role as a symbol of purity, white also represents holiness in scripture. The Bible tells us that angels are often portrayed wearing white garments, representing their sinless nature and close proximity to God.

To incorporate white impurely in art or design is to stray from its divine blueprint—a testament to the sanctity and purity it represents. Thus, as creators, our challenge lies not only in exploring the aesthetic appeal of colours but in embodying the eternal truths they hold, with white leading the way as a beacon of purity and divine grace.

White in Our Lives

As believers, we can also apply the symbolism of white in our daily lives. Just as it serves as a reminder of God’s holiness and purifying power in design, we can use it to reflect upon our own spiritual journey. The colour white encourages us to strive for purity and righteousness, guiding us towards living a life that is pleasing to God. It can also serve as a reminder to seek forgiveness and cleansing when we fall short, allowing us to continually grow closer to God.

The Power of White in Design

When used effectively, white has the power to bring balance, harmony, and clarity to any design. Its simplicity allows other colours and elements to stand out, resulting in a visually striking composition. This concept can also be applied to our spiritual lives, as we strive for balance and clarity in our relationship with God.

White is more than just a colour; it holds deep symbolic meaning that reminds us of God’s holiness, purity, and power. As believers, we can incorporate this symbolism into our daily lives and creative pursuits, constantly seeking a closer connection with our holy and perfect God. So the next time you see white, remember its significance and let it inspire you to strive for purity and righteousness in all aspects of your life.

“Therefore, since we have these promises, dear friends, let us purify ourselves from everything that contaminates body and spirit, perfecting holiness out of reverence for God.” – 2 Corinthians 7:1

White is a powerful reminder of God’s grace and the potential for purity in our lives. Let it serve as a daily inspiration to continually seek growth and transformation through His love and mercy. May we always strive to reflect the pure, unblemished love of God in all that we do. With white as our guide, may we create beautiful, impactful designs and live fulfilling lives that bring glory to Him.  So let us embrace the power of white in design and in our spiritual journey with God.

“Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.” – Psalm 51:10


  1. Daniel 7:9 – Describes the “Ancient of Days” with clothing white as snow and hair like pure wool, symbolising purity and divine wisdom.
  1. Revelation 6:11 – The giving of a white robe to those who have been martyred for their faith, representing purity and righteousness.
  1. Revelation 3:5 – Those who overcome are promised to be dressed in white garments, a symbol of victory and purity.
  1. Revelation 19:8 – Describes the fine linen, bright and clean, given to the Bride of Christ to wear, representing the righteous acts of God’s holy people.
  1. Matthew 28:3 – The angel at Jesus’ tomb is described with clothing as white as snow, symbolising divine presence and purity.
  1. Mark 9:3 – At the Transfiguration, Jesus’ clothes became dazzling white, whiter than anyone in the world could bleach them, indicating His divine glory and purity.
  1. Leviticus 13:4, 10, 13, 17, 19, 20 – Discusses leprosy and uses white as a diagnostic colour, reflecting themes of purity and impurity in the context of cleanliness laws.
  1. Exodus 16:31 – The manna from heaven is described as white, symbolising God’s provision and purity.
  1. Numbers 12:10 – Miriam becomes leprous, white as snow, highlighting themes of sin, punishment, and divine judgement.

About the author:

Hi, I’m Jess, and I’m the founder & director of DESIGN MAGAZINE. I’m also a brand designer and director/founder of TDS Australia, a Brand & Digital Agency based in Sydney. I am a Christian and I’m passionate about brands in general, but particularly Christian brands. 

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